Conservation tillage is a way to plant crops without plowing or with minimum tilling of the soil.
The No-Till Planting System leaves the soil and crop residues undisturbed with the exception of the area where the seed is placed in the ground.
The No-Till program saves energy as well as the farmer’s time. Planting a pasture by traditional methods, for example, requires the farmer to make four or five trips across a field using about five gallons of fuel per acre. The No-Till method involves only one trip requiring about 1/2 gallon per acre. The No-Till drill cuts a shallow slit in the soil, deposits the seed and covers it up—all in one trip!
The program also saves soil, improves water quality, and improves fertility by keeping soil and crop residue in the field. Conservation tillage using the No-till equipment can reduce soil erosion up to 95 percent compared with conventional plowing, disking and harrowing for seedbed preparation. Many farmers have achieved higher yields using conservation tillage.
Betts Berry, Drill Steward